2018 Newsletter: 35/68 — PreviousNext — (Attach.)

Sydney Harbour

Hello and Welcome,

Committee News:

Please note that the daytime Main Meeting on 24 July 2018 will be held in the Woolley/Lawson Rooms, 12noon to 2pm. I am hoping that no members will forget and attend at 6pm.

This combination of rooms was booked as they have fewer windows which should improve projection in the daytime.

Josephine Wiseman

PS: Remember that these meetings are all free for members. Visitors get two free meetings before they join up. [ Ed. ]


Meetings This Week:

Tuesday Group - Tuesday Jul 17th - 9:30 am - 12 noon

The usual Q&A and other discussions.

Web Design - Saturday Jul 21st - 1:30 pm - 4:00 pm

Hi Everyone,

This month we had a request to review Cascading Style Sheets or CSS. So, on Saturday the 21st we will have a look at the basics of CSS. CSS is the way you can style a web page and change its appearance, determine things like the font you want, the backgrounds and colour scheme and even how the various parts of a page are viewed depending on the device used.

We'll have a look at the basic structure of a CSS statement, so we know how to write one. Then, how we can target the elements on a page by identifying what CSS style we want to apply to each element. It's called cascade for a reason and we will try and understand just how one rule can flow into another rule. This can be confusing especially when you don't see the effect you wanted because one rule has overridden another. I have a few videos on how to troubleshoot your CSS and this may help us see where our problems can be found.

With the introduction of flex and grid the CSS has become more important as these marvellous new construction devices are driven by the CSS code so it becomes even more important to understand just how to code your style sheets.

See you all on the 21st July.

Steve South
Web Design SIG

Meetings Next Week:

Main Meeting - Tuesday Jul 24th - *** 12 noon - 2:00 pm ***
Digital Photography - Friday Jul 27th - 9:30 am - 12 noon

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Tech Tips:

Windows 10 April Creators Update BREAKS NETWORKING — Explained:

When talking on your Local Area Network, computers use a scheme called the UNC (Universal Naming Convention) path. This allows them to refer to other machines by name. If your desktop computer was called main and a laptop was called laptop, the desktop would refer to the other machine as \\laptop and get to its docs folders with \\laptop\d\docs. Similarly, the laptop would access the desktop's video folder via \\main\c\users\user-name\videos for example.

Microsoft has found bugs in this system (called "SMB v1.0" and "CIFS" services), so removed them to prevent hackers taking over your system.

SMB and CIFS translate these names into IP addresses such as "" and "". It might be possible, therefore, to regain network access by using their IP addresses directly.

See the InfoPackets article by Dennis Faas on July, 13 2018 at 02:07PM EDT describing this in greater detail.


How to set the keyboard repeat-rate in Windows:

When using Windows (and also at the DOS prompt), have you been frustrated by the slowness (or indeed the high speed) of the key repeat-rate?

If you're editing a line and waiting for the backspace key to erase lots of characters it's frustrating if it's too slow, so I set my repeat-rate to 16 characters per second.

The DOS command to do this is mode con:rate=16 delay=1. This will then affect both DOS and Windows programs (like Word or Wordpad).

See the full mode description on this Microsoft web-page.


  • The typematic rate is the rate at which a character repeats when you hold down the key for that character. The typematic rate has two components, the rate and the delay. Some keyboards do not recognize this command.

  • Using rate=R

    Valid values are in the range 1 through 32. These values are equal to approximately 2 to 30 characters per second. The default value is 20 for IBM AT-compatible keyboards, and 21 for IBM PS/2-compatible keyboards. If you set the rate, you must also set the delay.

  • Using delay=D

    Valid values for D are 1, 2, 3, and 4 (representing 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1 second). The default value is 2. If you set the delay, you must also set the rate.”

In Windows 7, I find that the OS arbitrarily changes these values every few weeks, also giving an alarm sound. I have now set up a batch file (m.bat) to change the mode back to the above values. No Google explanation has been found for this random timing or indeed the change itself; Windows 10 never does this.

While the mode command can change the character repeat-rate, it can also set the number of columns and rows displayed in the DOS window (in my case 208 columns and 80 rows).

This is what I use:

@echo off
mode con:cols=208 lines=80
mode con:rate=16 delay=1
echo Set mode for DOS window:
mode con

Please experiment with this amazing command and see if it solves your character repeat-rate problems, too.


You can tell that this command has been around for a very long time, seeing references to AT-compatible and PS/2-compatible keyboards (from the mid to late 1980s).


15 Years of SyncBack

Author: Conrad Chung, 2BrightSparks Pte. Ltd.

Some quotes from the article:

“Since 2003, SyncBack by 2BrightSparks has been used by hundreds of thousands of users worldwide to safeguard their important data. For the past 15 years, SyncBack has gone through thousands of feature additions, changes, bug fixes as well as several version iterations.

2018 is the 15th anniversary of the first release of SyncBack. In this article we look back at how the world of technology has evolved since.”

“As the world progressively evolves into cloud and streaming services, SyncBack is keeping up with this trend and offering backup services to cloud storage. Today, SyncBackPro V8 can connect to 13 different cloud services and will continue to expand with future version releases.

Local file storage is still widely used today, and it is very important to back them up with a backup application like SyncBack.

Visit our †webstore today to get your copy of SyncBackPro.”

†The webstore has paid versions ranging from A$30.95 (SyncBackLite V8) to A$84.95 (SyncBackPro V8).

SyncBack is a backup program enabling scheduled backups to be made of various folders on one machine and copied to another on the same Local Area Network. I have Windows plus several Linux machines running on my LAN, so each day backups of selected Windows folders are made to a different Linux machine. That way, I have several copies of recent work.

You can also run the program manually, selecting whatever folders you like, for up-to-date backups.

Another option is to synchronise folders on two machines (hence the name Sync - Back), but that will return deleted files to your Windows folders.

The Pro version includes various methods of encryption, including AES with 128, 192 or 256 bit keys.

And finally, a free version is available with the following great features:

  • Backup
  • Synchronize: Copy files in both directions
  • Restore backup files easily
  • Email logs
  • Run programs before and after profiles
  • Schedule backups
  • Unicode enabled for non-English filenames
  • Process unlimited filename lengths
  • Simple and Advanced mode
  • Runs on Windows 10, 8, 7 and Vista - 32/64 bit
  • Extensive Help Documentation & KnowledgeBase
  • Completely Free!

Highly recommended.


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Bob Backstrom
~ Newsletter Editor ~

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